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Full Form of PIL is Public Interest Litigation and other PIL full forms table with latest and unique category list.

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What is PIL?

Public Interest Litigation refers to filing of a petition by an individual or group of people to enforce their civil rights in the court. The full form PIL is Public Interest Litigation which means that someone’s right has been violated, and it can be enforces only through litigation. An advocate files this case on behalf of different parties for public interest.

Public Interest Litigation is also known as PIL. Before the full form of PIL came into existence, it was called Public interest litigation or more popularly known as PIL.

How does it work?

When a case comes to the notice of PIL either somebody approaches the advocate or the advocate himself get to know about it, he studies the case and then files a petition in court on behalf of that party. He also collects all the evidences from every concerned person present there and presents it before the court.

What is full form of PIL?

The full fom PIL is Public Interest Litigation which means that someone’s right has been violated, and it can be enforces only through litigation. This full form is defined as a legal instrument by which an individual or group of individuals can approach the Supreme Court or High Courts for redressal of any public injury caused by violation of any constitutional or statutory provision by person/persons or corporate bodies by seeking enforcement of such provisions.

PIL is a remedy which ensures that the court supervises compliance with fundamental rights, social and economic justice as enshrined in Indian constitution. It helps to ensure that all citizens have full opportunity to live in dignity and self respect by securing these rights for them.

What is PIL in Constitution?

Public interest litigation (PIL) is a legal procedure for the protection of public rights, through either enforcing the fundamental rights under Article 32 or implementing environmental laws under Article 48-A. Any member of the general public can file an application in the High Court seeking enforcement of these rights on behalf of themselves and all other members of society affected by their breach.

How it is different from other writs?

There is no requirement that only the aggrieved party can move a court in case of a public rights violation. Other than implementing legislations, PIL empowers courts to evolve new remedies and specific forms of judicial activism whenever required for implementation of any environmental laws or citizens’ right guaranteed under the Constitution.

Who is a public interest litigant?

If a PIL petition is filed on behalf of a person, association or trust which has not been designated as a ‘public authority’ by law, it is known as an ordinary PIL petition. If it filed on behalf of a public authority, it is calleda ‘public interest litigation.’

What kinds of PILs are there?

There are two kinds of public interest litigations: (a) PIL for private good, and (b) PIL for public good. The former seeks enforcement of an individual’s right to equality or non-discrimination, while the latter addresses issues thataffect the entire society.

What is basis of PIL in India?

Public interest litigation finds its fundamental and constitutional basis under Article 32 and 35(1) of the Constitution which enables a citizen to approach Supreme Court or High Court for enforcement of any public duty cast upon, or any mischief by the public authority, including violations of fundamental rights guaranteed within’ Part III. It can be initiated even without approaching an aggrieved party for relief, where such a person cannot be identified or located—a so-called “omnibus” plaint. The rationale behind this extraordinary jurisdiction given to courts is that when individual citizens are unable to approach courts because they lack the financial resources, time, expertise etc., it is appropriate to allow lawyers and otherinterest groups to act on their behalf.

What are the elements of PIL?

Before entertaining a PIL, the court should be satisfied that it involves public interest, affects general public at large or large section or any section of society, and has wider public importance than merely an individual right. The court should also see whether there is no other effective means available for ensuring compliance with environmental laws.

PIL can further be divided into two categories: 1) Judicial Activism; 2) Statutory-Judicial Procedure.

When was Public Interest Litigation first introduced in Indian Legal History?

The judiciary’s power to allow ‘public interest litigation’ was first recognized by Justice Krishna Iyer who observed that “a welfare state considers no cost, no sacrifice of time and energy too great in the service of its people.” Though it was referred to as ‘public interest litigation’ for the firsttime by Justice Chandrachud in 1985, this form of petition can be traced back to at least 1960s when several courts allowed petitions from social action groups.

Is the Public Interest Litigation concept borrowed from other countries?

Public interest litigation is not a concept borrowed from any foreign country. Its roots lie within our Constitutional scheme itself which gives power toany citizen or group of citizens who have standing in a court of law to bring a case on behalf of an aggrieved party if there has been a violation of some provision underthe constitution.

What is the different types of Public Interest Litigation?

There are two types of public interest litigations: (a) PIL for private good, and (b) PIL for the public good. The former seeks enforcement of an individual’s right to equality or non-discrimination, while the latter addresses issues that affect the entire society.