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What is Polyethylene terephthalate?
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in synthetic fibers and bottles. It was discovered in 1941 by DuPont, who continues to be one of the largest producers of PET polymer.
The majority of PET fiber produced goes into making synthetic clothing- such as fleece jackets, polar-fleece hats, and water resistant windbreakers. The material is lightweight, durable, and does not wrinkle easily. The recycling process for PET bottles begins by removing the labels and caps. The bottles are then crushed into small pieces and heated until they liquefy. Filters are used to remove any contaminants, after which the liquid is poured into plastic molds.
PET plastic has a high resistance to heat and chemicals and is often used in food packaging- such as soft drink bottles and salad dressing containers.
History: How was PET created?
In the early 1950s, Dr. Edward Teller and Dr. Glen Seaborg were working on developing a new type of nuclear weapon. While they were working on this project, they also created a new material that could be used to contain the radioactive fallout from a nuclear explosion. This material was made from polyethylene terephthalate, or PET.
Dr. Teller and Dr. Seaborg discovered that PET could be used to make plastic bottles and other containers. They also found that PET could be used to make film for cameras and other photographic equipment. In 1957, the first commercial shipment of PET film was sent to the United States from Europe.
Properties: What are the benefits of using PET?
PET properties provide a variety of benefits for users. Thermoforming, or the shaping of plastic sheets at high temperatures, is one key property that allows manufacturers to create products with curved and angled surfaces. This process also results in a product that is both lightweight and durable. In addition, PET’s transparency makes it an ideal choice for packaging products that require a clear view of the contents. And because PET is non-toxic, it can be used to package food items.
Uses: What are some products that use PET?
One of the most common uses for PET is in beverage containers. Soft drinks, water, juice, and beer are all typically packaged in PET bottles. The lightweight plastic is easy to transport and recycle.
Another popular use for PET is in packaging materials. Products such as cookies, crackers, cereal, and snacks are often sealed in PET bags or boxes. The material is strong and moisture resistant, making it ideal for food storage.
PET can also be found in a variety of consumer products. Some clear shower curtains are made from the material, as well as some fishing line and luggage. PET has even been used to make a car!
Recycling: How is PET recycled?
PET, or Polyethylene Terephthalate, is a type of plastic that is commonly used in water bottles, food containers, and other packaging materials.
PET can be recycled into new products such as clothing, carpeting, and lumber. Recycling centers typically accept PET items by weight, so it is important to remove all bottle caps and rinse the item clean before placing it in the recycle bin. The recycling process begins by sorting the PET items by color. The cleaned PET is then chopped into small pieces and heated until it melts. The melted PET is then poured into molds to create new products.